American patent holders and individual biographies of African
American inventors. Black History month and the historic
contributions of black scientists and engineers. African
American women inventors and blacks in technology, past and
An extensive list of most historical black inventors holding
patents, listed by name, patent date and invention with in-depth
biographical and technical information on many black inventors
and the inventions.
His inventive spirit would lead him to be called the "first
African American inventor", Banneker invented the first
On November 27, 1897, Beard received a patent for a device he
called the Jenny Coupler.
Ms. Benjamin was the second black woman to receive a patent. She
received a patent for an invention she called 'a Gong and Signal
Chair for Hotels.'
Henry Blair was the second black inventor issued a patent by the
United States Patent Office.
Blount invented a device to help disabled persons eat.
The ironing board (U.S. Patent #473,653) was invented by
African-American Sarah Boone on December 30, 1887.
Boykin invented the 'Electrical Resistor' used in computers,
radios, television sets and a variety of electronic devices.
C. B. Brooks invented the first street sweeper truck and was
issued a patent on March 17, 1896.
Brown patented a 'receptacle for storing and preserving papers'
on November 2, 1886, which developed into what is now known as
the bank safety deposit box
Carver invented peanut butter, adhesives, bleach, chili sauce,
ink, instant coffee, linoleum, mayonnaise, paper, plastic,
pavement, shaving cream, talcum powder and more.
Carruthers was the inventor of the far-ultraviolet camera and
Chappelle was a biochemist, photobiologist, astrochemist and
John B. Christian invented and patented new lubricants used in
high flying aircraft and NASA space missions.
Crosthwait holds 39 patents for heating systems and temperature
regulating devices. He is most well known for creating the
heating system for New York City's famous Radio City Music Hall.
Dean co-invented improvements in computer architecture that
allowed IBM compatible PCs to use the same peripheral devices.
Charles Richard Drew
Drew was the first person to develop the blood bank.
In 1989, Emeagwali won the Gordon Bell Prize, considered the
equivalent of the Nobel Prize, for developing the fastest
supercomputer software in the world.
Sarah Goode was the first African-American women to receive a
patent (US #322,177), which was issued on 7/14/1885. She
invented a type of cabinet bed.
Gourdine was the inventor of electrogasdynamics systems.
Lloyd Hall is responsible for the meat curing products,
seasonings, emulsions, bakery products, antioxidants, protein
hydrolysates and many other products that keep our food fresh
Thomas L. Jennings was the first African American to receive a
patent (US patent3306x), which was issued on March 3rd, 1821.
Johnson invented the Super SoakerŪ a squirt gun and also
invented thermodynamics systems on the side.
Jones invented the first automatic refrigeration system for
Joyner invented a permanent wave machine that would allow a
hairdo to stay set for days.
Julian synthesized the medicines physostigmine for glaucoma and
cortisone used for rheumatoid arthritis and he invented
Latimer invented the water closet for railroad cars, an electric
lamp with an inexpensive carbon filament and a threaded wooden
socket for light bulbs.
The "Love Sharpener" was designed by John Lee Love.
Love's invention is the very simple and portable pencil
sharpener that many artists use today.
Matzeliger invented an automatic method for lasting shoes, which
made the mass production of affordable shoes possible.
McCoy is best known for having invented the automatic oil cup.
During his life, McCoy invented and sold 57 different kinds of
devices and machine parts, including an ironing board and a lawn
sprinkler. His first patent was for a lubricator for steam
engines ( US #129,843), which was issued on July 12th, 1872.
Morgan invented the gas mask and the automatic traffic signal.
Rillieux invented the sugar processing evaporator.
Madame Walker was a St. Louis washerwoman turned entrepreneur,
who in 1905 invented a method to soften and smooth
Woods invented improvements to electric railways, air brakes,
telephones and telegraphs; a chicken egg incubator and an
apparatus for an amusement park ride.